A fine variant of silk evolving from the lands of Beneras or Varanasi, known for gold and silver work of brocade and zari on the fabric, Benarasi silk is one of the most well known Indian silks in the world. Originally crafted exclusively for the royalty, a Benarasi silk sari was created from real gold and silver threads, taking as much as a year to make.
Brocade is an elaborate and richly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom using satin weave. It was originally woven in silk with additional silver or gold threads, but is now made with man-made fibers. Brocades can be pure silk or silk and cotton brocades and zari brocades with gold and silver threads.
A chanderi fabric is a richly woven fabric characterized by raised floral patterns created by weaving gold and silver threads on pure silk or silk and cotton blends. The fabric is woven by three kinds of threads cotton, silk thread and zari, and is lightweight and has intricate designs.
Chiffon is a lightweight, elegant, sheer fabric with some stretch and a slightly rough feel. Chiffon is made from cotton, silk, or synthetic fibers that are slightly see-through. It is smoother and more lustrous than georgette and is quite limp, with a beautiful drape.
Mulmul is lightweight, breathable cotton fabric, which has been around for hundreds of year. It is great for summer clothing since it absorbs moisture and keeps the wearer cool. It can be dyed easily and gets softer with every wash.
Cotton silk is a combination of two widely used fabrics –cotton and silk. Hence, it has the positives of both the fabric in one. This hybrid fabric is extremely versatile and is a less expensive and more popular fabric than pure silk itself.
Crêpe is a silk, wool, or synthetic fiber fabric with a distinctively crisp, crimped appearance. The fabric can be thin and sheer, fine and opaque, or even heavy. Crepe fabric may be stretchy, requiring care to cut and sew accurately.
Georgette is a sheer, lightweight, dull-finished crêpe fabric with a characteristic crinkly surface that was originally made from silk. Georgette is made with highly twisted yarns. A very versatile fabric, georgette is made in solid colors and prints and is used for blouses, dresses, evening gowns and saris.
Habutai is a plain weave of silk, and usually has a natural, ecru color, and is known to wrinkle less than other fabrics. Habutai silk is soft, lightweight and lustrous with a soft, graceful drape, and a smooth surface. It is best for lingerie, dresses, blouses, and light jackets.
Linen is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather. This fabric also gives clothes a fantastic fall and fit and are best suited to formal wear, although it works equally well for casual clothes as well.
The motifs of maheshwari silk sarees have been derived from the carvings in temples and palaces in Maheshwar, Madhya Pradesh. The weaving is intricate with geometric designs with no motifs on the body of the saris. Weaving is done with a fine silk warp and cotton weft. Lines play a vital role as vertical stripes, and large checks are woven to shape up the pattern.
Raw silk are continuous filaments of silk, with no twist, which have been reeled from cocoons but are unprocessed. Raw silk is the most natural form of delicate fiber, which can get easily and smoothly woven into different fabrics and garments.
Satin is a weave that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. The weave method used to create it is different from a basic fabric, with less interlacings of the threads. The fabric has characteristic glossy look making it ideal for dressy, heavily worked outfits.
Tussar silk is an exquisite thread obtained from a wide winged moth that is yellowish-brown in colour. Tussar silk is a lot more textured, cooler and more breathable than the other varieties of silk, which makes it extremely wearable in warmer parts of the world.